Fish Farming in Kenya is one of the most lucrative businesses that guarantee a profitable yield. Kenya is endowed with a lot of aquatic resources that have aquacultural potential.
Additionally, Kenya has a varying degree of geographic regions, which cover the coastline, Lake Victoria, and other several rivers, swamps among many wetlands. All these regions support fish farming on a large scale basis.
One advantage behind fish farming is that the farmer will make good use of idle land and make money. For instance, a serious farmer who decides to invest in a two and a half-acre piece of land, one can produce 100,000 to 200,000 fingerlings per month.
A single fingering can be sold at between Ksh. 4 to Kshs. 7. In addition a mature fish can fetch a figure close to Kshs. 350 a kilogram. One pond can do close to 200 kilograms of mature fish.
The best thing with Fish Farming in Kenya is that the farmer will not have to do deep marketing, since customers are always available. Fish is the best marketable white meat in Kenya, in the African Market, and overseas, so the financial muscle of the farmer will determine whether to do small scale or large scale fish farming.
Fish farming depends on the type of species and also the type of method to be injected. For instance, open-ocean farming relies on nature and the environment to handle filtration and water quality hence a boost for the farmer.
With open ocean farming, the farmer won’t have the budget for pumps, filter aerators, and maintenance. Additionally, one can grow mackerel, and salmon.
The challenge behind open ocean farming in Kenya is the cost of having a boat, netting, cages which aim at protecting your fish against predators.
Besides open ocean farming, we have a setup whereby you require a small pond. This will require filtration and aeration for species like Tilapia and catfish which can air breath. Besides, a farmer can engage in designing cheaper methods like incorporating solar pumps which will reduce costs for the farmer.
One secret behind farming tilapia and carp is, the farmer can combine the pond with homegrown duckweed, green algae, or even azola since the species can comfortably eat this stuff and within no time the business will just break even and yield returns.
For a farmer who has a larger pond, natural aeration can still work especially if the location is endowed with natural fish. So long as the farmer is able to filter water at a high rate, one will yield high returns on investments and gather a commendable value for fish as compared to the input.
Unless the farmer is operating a closed system, which in this case means that the farmer is not dumping effluent, then at such a point the farmer is running the risk of environmental damage. This is due to the escape of invasive species, weak farm genetics, or even the possibility of eutrophication.
The issue behind environmental damage is that there are long term costs that come along, which the farmer will pay in one way or the other.
It is encouraged that a for a farmer to yield high returns on investment, one has to be a risk-taker and do large scale operations. The bigger the operation, the higher the returns on investment.
The maximum amount of time it takes for fish to mature and get ready for the market is between 18-36 months. This period will depend with the prevailing situations in the area. For business purposes, the price of a table size fish depends on the forces of demand and supply in the market.
The biggest challenge in fish farming is, one has to do deep research and know what he/she is exactly investing in. There is no need of risking an investment that one doesn’t have a clue on.